Mazita eNhangande

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Tarisai futi Nhangande dzemushonga uye Nhangande

Nhangande ye mushonga | Tafura ye rupotero 1 | Tafura ye rupoteru 2 |

Nhangande (ku Chingezi: elements)

Peji rinori dere risti ye mazita e nhangande dze tafura ye rupotero mu Chishona.

Udorongodzwa[chinja | edit source]

nhangande vambo rezita Fezi ku r.t.
numeri ye atomu

Z

chiratidzo zita mu chishona Zita mu chingezi
1 H Sikamanzi Hydrogen Greek elements hydro- and -gen, 'water-forming'

hydro -> amanzi -gen -> sika

gasi
2 He Ran'a kana Chimuzuva[1] Helium Greek hḗlios, 'sun'

langa/ranga(n'a) -> sun

gasi
3 Li Li/Ri Ritosi Lithium Greek líthos, 'stone'

lithos -> ritosi

godo
4 Be Bheruu Beryllium Beryl, a mineral (ultimately from the name of Belur in southern India)

Belur -> bheruu

godo
5 B Bhawaraki Boron Borax, a mineral (from Arabic bawraq)

bawraq -> bawaraki

godo
6 C Kabhoni [2] Carbon Latin carbo, 'coal' godo
7 N Nito/Sikanito Nitrogen Greek nítron and -gen, 'niter-forming' gasi
8 O Osijeni Oxygen Greek oxy- and -gen, 'acid-forming'

x haapo muChishona, asi muChitsonga ndi 'sh', saka oxy ndi oshi.

gasi
9 F Fwere Fluorine Latin fluere, 'to flow'

fluere -> fwere

gasi
10 Ne Niyoni Neon Greek néon, 'new' gasi
11 Na Natiri Sodium English (from medieval Latin) soda

·  Symbol Na is derived from New Latin natrium, coined from German Natron, 'natron'

godo
12 Mg Maginisiya Magnesium Magnesia, a district of Eastern Thessaly in Greece godo
13 Al Al/Ar Aruminai Aluminium Alumina, from Latin alumen (gen. aluminis), 'bitter salt, alum' godo
14 Si Sirikoni Silicon Latin silex, 'flint' (originally silicium) godo
15 P Chifosiforo [3] Phosphorus Greek phōsphóros, 'light-bearing' godo
16 S Sarufa Sulfur Latin sulphur, 'brimstone' godo
17 Cl Kuroraini Chlorine Greek chlōrós, 'greenish yellow' gasi
18 Ar Arugosi Argon Greek argós, 'idle' (because of its inertness) gasi
19 K Potasiya Potassium New Latin potassa, 'potash', itself from pot and ash

·  Symbol K is derived from Latin kalium

gddo
20 Ca Rondongu[4] Calcium Latin calx, 'lime' godo
21 Sc Skandiya Scandium Latin Scandia, 'Scandinavia' godo
22 Ti Taiteniamu Titanium Titans, the sons of the Earth goddess of Greek mythology godo
23 V Vhanadhisi Vanadium Vanadis, an Old Norse name for the Scandinavian goddess Freyja godo
24 Cr Rangi Chromium Greek chróma, 'colour'

rangi ndiruvara mumitauro yeChibantu senge swahili.

godo
25 Mn Manganisi Manganese Corrupted from magnesia negra; see § magnesium godo
26 Fe Utare[5] Chisa [6] Iron English word

·  Symbol Fe is derived from Latin ferrum

godo
27 Co Kobharuti Cobalt German Kobold, 'goblin' godo
28 Ni Nikeru Nickel Nickel, a mischievous sprite of German miner mythology godo
29 Cu Mhangura[7] Copper English word, from Latin cuprum, from Ancient Greek Kýpros 'Cyprus' godo
30 Zn San'i Zinc Most likely from German Zinke, 'prong' or 'tooth', though some suggest Persian sang, 'stone'

sang -> san'i

godo
31 Ga Gariya Gallium Latin Gallia, 'France' godo
32 Ge Jerimani Germanium Latin Germania, 'Germany' godo
33 As Aruseni; Zaruniya Arsenic French arsenic, from Greek arsenikón 'yellow arsenic' (influenced by arsenikós, 'masculine' or 'virile'), from a West Asian wanderword ultimately from Old Iranian *zarniya-ka, 'golden'

zarniya-ka -> zaruniya

godo
34 Se Sereni Selenium Greek selḗnē, 'moon' godo
35 Br Bhuromosi Bromine Greek brômos, 'stench' mutuvi
36 Kr Kiriputo Krypton Greek kryptós, 'hidden' gasi
37 Rb Rubhidhasi Rubidium Latin rubidus, 'deep red' godo
38 Sr Storondi Strontium Strontian, a village in Scotland, where it was found godo
39 Y Yiteri Yttrium Ytterby, Sweden, where it was found; see also terbium, erbium, ytterbium godo
40 Zr Zarukani Zirconium Zircon, a mineral, from Persian zargun, 'gold-hued'

zargun -> zaruguni

solid
41 Nb Niobhe Niobium Niobe, daughter of king Tantalus from Greek mythology; see also tantalum solid
42 Mo Moribhudheni Molybdenum Greek molýbdaina, 'piece of lead', from mólybdos, 'lead', due to confusion with lead ore galena (PbS) solid
43 Tc Tekineto Technetium Greek tekhnētós, 'artificial' solid
44 Ru Ruteniya Ruthenium New Latin Ruthenia, 'Russia' solid
45 Rh Rhodhoni Rhodium Greek rhodóeis, 'rose-coloured', from rhódon, 'rose' solid
46 Pd Paradhi Palladium Pallas, an asteroid, considered a planet at the time solid
47 Ag Dj Darejena Silver English word

·  Symbol Ag is derived from Latin argentum

solid
48 Cd Kadhimiya Cadmium New Latin cadmia, from King Kadmos solid
49 In Indikyumu Indium Latin indicum, 'indigo', the blue colour found in its spectrum

indicum -> indikyumu

solid
50 Sn Stanamu Tin English word

·  Symbol Sn is derived from Latin stannum

solid
51 Sb Stibiya Antimony Latin antimonium, the origin of which is uncertain: folk etymologies suggest it is derived from Greek antí ('against') + mónos ('alone'), or Old French anti-moine, 'Monk's bane', but it could plausibly be from or related to Arabic ʾiṯmid, 'antimony', reformatted as a Latin word

·  Symbol Sb is derived from Latin stibium 'stibnite'

solid
52 Te Terusi Tellurium Latin tellus, 'the ground, earth' solid
53 I Iyodhi Iodine French iode, from Greek ioeidḗs, 'violet' solid
54 Xe Shenoni Xenon Greek xénon, neuter form of xénos 'strange' gasi
55 Cs Sesiyasi Caesium Latin caesius, 'sky-blue' solid
56 Ba Bharisi Barium Greek barýs, 'heavy' solid
57 La La/Ra Randanei Lanthanum Greek lanthánein, 'to lie hidden' solid
58 Ce Seresi Cerium Ceres, a dwarf planet, considered a planet at the time solid
59 Pr Purasiyo Praseodymium Greek prásios dídymos, 'green twin' solid
60 Nd Neodhimo Neodymium Greek néos dídymos, 'new twin' solid
61 Pm Puromitiyamu Promethium Prometheus, a figure in Greek mythology solid
62 Sm Samariski Samarium Samarskite, a mineral named after V. Samarsky-Bykhovets, Russian mine official solid
63 Eu Eu/Yu Yuropiyamu Europium Europe solid
64 Gd Gadhorini Gadolinium Gadolinite, a mineral named after Johan Gadolin, Finnish chemist, physicist and mineralogist solid
65 Tb Terubhimu Terbium Ytterby, Sweden, where it was found; see also yttrium, erbium, ytterbium solid
66 Dy Dhisiporosi Dysprosium Greek dysprósitos, 'hard to get' solid
67 Ho Horimiya Holmium New Latin Holmia, 'Stockholm' solid
68 Er Erubhimu Erbium Ytterby, Sweden, where it was found; see also yttrium, terbium, ytterbium solid
69 Tm Turimu Thulium Thule, the ancient name for an unclear northern location solid
70 Yb Yiterubhimu Ytterbium Ytterby, Sweden, where it was found; see also yttrium, terbium, erbium solid
71 Lu Lu/Ru Ruteshiya Lutetium Latin Lutetia, 'Paris' solid
72 Hf Hafuni Hafnium New Latin Hafnia, 'Copenhagen' (from Danish havn, harbour) solid
73 Ta Tandarumu Tantalum King Tantalus, father of Niobe from Greek mythology; see also niobium solid
74 W Wurufu Tungsten Swedish tung sten, 'heavy stone'

·  Symbol W is from Wolfram, originally from Middle High German wolf-rahm 'wolf's foam' describing the mineral wolframite

solid
75 Re Rhenasi Rhenium Latin Rhenus, 'the Rhine' solid
76 Os Osime Osmium Greek osmḗ, 'smell' solid
77 Ir Irisi Iridium Iris, the Greek goddess of the rainbow godo
78 Pt Puratinamu Platinum Spanish platina, 'little silver', from plata 'silver' godo
79 Au Ndarama Gold English word

·  Symbol Au is derived from Latin aurum

godo
80 Hg Nyamatsatsi Mercury Mercury, Roman god of commerce, communication, and luck, known for his speed and mobility

·  Symbol Hg is derived from its Latin name hydrargyrum, from Greek hydrárgyros, 'water-silver'

liquid
81 Tl Tarosi Thallium Greek thallós, 'green shoot or twig' godo
82 Pb Mutobvo[8] Lead English word

·  Symbol Pb is derived from Latin plumbum

godo
83 Bi Wisimuti Bismuth German Wismut, from weiß Masse 'white mass', unless from Arabic godo
84 Po Poroniya Polonium Latin Polonia, 'Poland', home country of Marie Curie godo
85 At Astatini Astatine Greek ástatos, 'unstable' fezi hayizivikwi
86 Rn Radhoni Radon Radium emanation, originally the name of the isotope Radon-222 gasi
87 Fr Furanzimu Francium France, home country of discoverer Marguerite Perey fezi hayizivikwi
88 Ra Radhimu Radium French radium, from Latin radius, 'ray' godo
89 Ac Akitisi Actinium Greek aktís, 'ray' godo
90 Th Toru Thorium Thor, the Scandinavian god of thunder godo
91 Pa Pwatosi Protactinium Proto- (from Greek prôtos, 'first, before') + actinium, since actinium is produced through the radioactive decay of protactinium godo
92 U Yuraniyamu Uranium Uranus, the seventh planet in the Solar System godo
93 Np Neputunamu Neptunium Neptune, the eighth planet in the Solar System godo
94 Pu Pwatoniyamu Plutonium Pluto, a dwarf planet, considered a planet in the Solar System at the time godo
95 Am Amerisyamu Americium The Americas, where the element was first synthesised, by analogy with its homologue § europium godo
96 Cm Kyurimu Curium Pierre Curie and Marie Curie, French physicists and chemists godo
97 Bk Bherekeri Berkelium Berkeley, California, where the element was first synthesised godo
98 Cf Karifoniyamu Californium California, where the element was first synthesised in the LBNL laboratory godo
99 Es Enisteni Einsteinium Albert Einstein, German physicist godo
100 Fm Ferumi Fermium Enrico Fermi, Italian physicist fezi hayizivikwi
101 Md Menderevhimu Mendelevium Dmitri Mendeleev, Russian chemist who proposed the periodic table fezi hayizivikwi
102 No Nobherimu Nobelium Alfred Nobel, Swedish chemist and engineer fezi hayizivikwi
103 Lr Rorenzimu Lawrencium Ernest Lawrence, American physicist fezi hayizivikwi
104 Rf Rutafodhi Rutherfordium Ernest Rutherford, chemist and physicist from New Zealand fezi hayizivikwi
105 Db Dubhina Dubnium Dubna, Russia, where the element was discovered in the JINR laboratory fezi hayizivikwi
106 Sg Sibhorugi Seaborgium Glenn T. Seaborg, American chemist fezi hayizivikwi
107 Bh Bhorimu Bohrium Niels Bohr, Danish physicist fezi hayizivikwi
108 Hs Hasiya Hassium New Latin Hassia, 'Hesse', a state in Germany fezi hayizivikwi
109 Mt Meitineri Meitnerium Lise Meitner, Austrian physicist fezi hayizivikwi
110 Ds Dharumustadhi Darmstadtium Darmstadt, Germany, where the element was first synthesised in the GSI laboratories fezi hayizivikwi
111 Rg Rondigeni Roentgenium Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, German physicist fezi hayizivikwi
112 Cn Kopanisyamu Copernicium Nicolaus Copernicus, Polish astronomer fezi hayizivikwi
113 Nh Nihoniya Nihonium Japanese Nihon, 'Japan', where the element was first synthesised in the Riken laboratories fezi hayizivikwi
114 Fl Fwerovhimu Flerovium Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions, part of JINR, where the element was synthesised; itself named after Georgy Flyorov, Russian physicist fezi hayizivikwi
115 Mc Moskovhimu Moscovium Moscow, Russia, where the element was first synthesised in the JINR laboratories fezi hayizivikwi
116 Lv Rv/Lv Rivhamoru Livermorium Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in Livermore, California fezi hayizivikwi
117 Ts Tenesini Tennessine Tennessee, United States, where Oak Ridge National Laboratory is located fezi hayizivikwi
118 Og Oganisoni Oganesson Yuri Oganessian, Russian physicist fezi hayizivikwi

Mabviro eruzivo[chinja | edit source]

  1. Vashona, 30 Chikunguru 2015, "helium" Yakatariswa: 16/8/2021
  2. Vashona, 30 Chikunguru 2015, "carbon" Yakatariswa: 16 Nyamavhuvhu 2021
  3. Vashona, 30 Chikunguru 2015, "phosphorus" Yakatariswa: 16 Nyamavhuvhu 2021
  4. Vashona, 30 Chikunguru 2015, "calcium" Yakatariswa: 16 Nyamavhuvhu 2021
  5. Shokodyanamambo, Chikumi 2 2019, https://twitter.com/Jamwanda2/status/1135054665593344002 twitter., Yakatariswa: 16 Nyamavhuvhu 2021
  6. Vashona, 4 Mbudzi 2019, "Iron" Yakatariswa: 16 Nyamavhuhvu 2021
  7. @Jamwanda2, Chikumi 2 2019,https://twitter.com/jamwanda2/status/1135054665593344002?lang=en witter, t atariswa: 16 Nyamavhuvhu 2021k
  8. https://vashona.com/en/dictionary/sn/mutobvo