Chatemaguru

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Chatemaguru kana gutsaruzhinji (democracy) mazwi anoreva mutowo wekutonga kana kutema mitemo unotevedza zvido zveruzhinji rwevanhu: izvi zvichiitwa kubudikidza nekuvhotera vamiriri muchivande uye kusarudza nzira dzinodiwa neruzhinji rwevanhu panhau dzinenge dzaiswa mudariro. Kuita sarudzo dzevamiriri mudare reparamende chikamu chikuru pahutongi hwe[[utemaguru]. Asi chatemaguru hachiperere pakuita sarudzo; panofanirwa kuva nezvirongwa zvokugutsa ruzhinji kuchitevedza zvido zveruzhinji.

Kududzwa kweZita[chinja | edit source]

Izwi rokuti demoocracy rakabva kuGreek - iro rakaumbwa nezvikamu zviviri zvinoti: demo kureva ruzhinji rwevanhu kana guru, uye kratia kureva rule or strength. Saka pano chivakashure chinonzi chatema- chiri kureva nzira yehutongi inopa simba kuboka rakarehwa - sokuti chatemaguru hutongi hunotevedza mitemo yaguru. Tarisai zviri pasi pandima iri zasi yemitauro yeBantu kuti pane dudziro yemazwi okuti tema uye guru. Mitauro yekuchamhembe nekumabvazuva kweAfrika ine mashoko anotodzana, saka pano pasarudzwa mazwi eChiBantu. Izwi rokuti guru rinoonekwa pakuti: gurusvusvu; gurumwandira; gurudadi; gurundundu; guruutsi uye guru remhuri yakawanda.

Kurerutsa Mutauro[chinja | edit source]

  • Munguva yaitongwa nevarungu muAfrika hurumende dzaisatevedza utemaguru pakutonga nyika nemhosva.
  • Sarudzo dzekutanga dzeutemaguru dzakaitwa muZimbabwe mugore ra1980.
  • Nyika dzine chitsama muAfrika dzine hutongi hwechatemaguru: a number of countries in Africa have democratic government.

Zvakakosha kuonesana kuti mashoko ari pano haako kuChiShona chemazuva ose, asi kuedza kuturikira mazwi anotaurwa kuEnglish.

Mamwe Mazwi[chinja | edit source]

Kurerutsa Mutauro[chinja | edit source]

Mitauro yeBantu[chinja | edit source]

  • Mururimi rweNyungwe vanoti mtemo (n. law) kureva mutemo.
  • VaGogo vanoti utemi (right to rule; chiefdom, chiefship) kureva kodzero yokutonga uye hutongi.
  • VaGogo vanoti mtemi kana watemi pakuwanda (leader, rule) kureva mutongi.
  • Vatauri veKiikizu vanoti -tema (rule over, reign) vachireva kutonga Zvichida mazwi anoti democracy, theocracy, aristocracy anngaturikirwa tichibva pana tema.
  • VaChewa vanoti gulu kana magulu (audience; assembly, troop).
  • VaChewa vanoti gulu (a race or family, larger than fuko).
  • VaChewa vanoti gulu kana magulu (crowd, company, herd of animals, drove of cattle, pack of wolves). Sokuti gulu la ankosa - danga rehwayi.