Chatemabanze

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Chatemabanze, chatemavabanze kana gutsaruzhinji (democracy in English) mazwi anoreva mutowo wekutonga kana kutema mitemo unotevedza zvido zveruzhinji rwevanhu: izvi zvichiitwa kubudikidza nekuvhotera vamiriri muchivande uye kusarudza nzira dzinodiwa neruzhinji rwevanhu panhau dzinenge dzaiswa mudariro. Kuita sarudzo dzevamiriri mudare reparamende chikamu chikuru pahutongi hweutemabanze. Asi chatemabanze hachiperere pakuita sarudzo; panofanirwa kuva nezvirongwa zvokugutsa ruzhinji kuchitevedza zvido zveruzhinji.

Kududzwa kweZita[chinja | edit source]

Izwi rokuti demoocracy rakabva kuGreek - iro rakaumbwa nezvikamu zviviri zvinoti: demo kureva ruzhinji rwevanhu kana banze, uye kratia kureva rule or strength. Saka pano chivakashure chinonzi chatema- chiri kureva nzira yehutongi inopa simba kuboka rakarehwa - sokuti chatemabanze hutongi hunotevedza mitemo yebanze.

Kurerutsa Mutauro[chinja | edit source]

  • Banze (Meeting-place of men of a village or neighbourhood). Pakuwanda toti mabanze.
  • Mubanze (resident of a neighbourhood; neighbour) muvakidzani ari pedyo zvekuti munogara pabanze rimwero.
  • Munguva yaitongwa nevarungu muAfrika hurumende dzaisatevedza utemabanze pakutonga nyika nemhosva.
  • Sarudzo dzekutanga dzeutemabanze dzakaitwa muZimbabwe mugore ra1980.
  • Nyika dzine chitsama muAfrika dzine hutongi hwechatemabanze: a number of countries in Africa have democratic government.

Zvakakosha kuonesana kuti mashoko ari pano haako kuChiShona chemazuva ose, asi kuedza kuturikira mazwi anotaurwa kuEnglish.

Mamwe Mazwi[chinja | edit source]

Kurerutsa Mutauro[chinja | edit source]

Mitauro yeBantu[chinja | edit source]

  • Mururimi rweNyungwe vanoti mtemo (n. law) kureva mutemo.
  • VaGogo vanoti utemi (right to rule; chiefdom, chiefship) kureva kodzero yokutonga uye hutongi.
  • VaGogo vanoti mtemi kana watemi pakuwanda (leader, rule) kureva mutongi.
  • Vatauri veKiikizu vanoti -tema (rule over, reign) vachireva kutonga Zvichida mazwi anoti democracy, theocracy, aristocracy anngaturikirwa tichibva pana tema.
  • VaKabwa vanoti omutemi (n. ruler; leader) vachireva mutungamiri.