Zerere

From Wikipedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Flag of Libya (1977–2011, 3-2).svg
muti ne sora re zerere

Zerere (Nge.: Green) rumbishi, ruvara rwokutanga (primary colour), uye huri pakati peungu nehuroro pane sipekitirumu inoonekwa. Zerere nderimwe ruvara rwokutanga yekuwedzera kana kusanganisa kuti mamawe mavara agadzirwe, pamwe chete netsvuku uye ungu. Nechakakura zvikuru, ruvara rwezerere runowanikwa muzvisikwa zvakadyarwa seKurorofiwu (chlorophyll), kemikari inoshandiswa nezvidyarwa parukanerujeko (photosynthesis) ne kushandura chiedza chezuva kuita simba remakemikari. Zvisikwa zvakawanda zvino shanduka kutora hyu yezerere yenharaunda sechifukidzo kana kamofuraji. Zvicherwa (maminarausi) zvakawanda zvine ruvara rwezerere, kusanganisira iyo emerodhi, inopihwa ruvara rwayo nebvute re zerere nerhangi (chromium; chrome) yainayo.

Mune ongororo dzakaitwa muAmerika, Yuropu, uye nyika dzeUyisalama, zerere ndiro ruvara runowanzo batanidzwa nehunhu, hupenyu, hutano, uhwana, chitubu, tariro, negodo.[1] MuMubatanidzwa we Yuropu (Europe Union) ne Amerika, zerere zvakare dzimwe nguva inosanganisirwa nehuturu uye hutano husina kunaka,[2] asi kuChayina nenzvimbo zhinji dze Ezhiya, masangano ayo akanaka kwazvo, sechiratidzo chekubereka uye mufaro.[1] Nekuda kwekudyidzana kwaro nemasikirwo, ihwo ruvara rwekufamba kwezvakatipoteredza. Mapato ezvematongerwo enyika anotsigira kuchengetedzwa kwezvakatipoteredza uye hutongi hwemagariro vanozvitsanangura pachavo sechikamu chezerere kufamba, vamwe vachizviti mapato ezerere.

Vambo rezita[chinja | edit source]

Ezhiya[chinja | edit source]

Mune mimwe mitauro, kusanganisira Chichayina chekare, Chitai, Chijapani chekare, neChivhiyetinamu, shoko rimwe rinogona kureva Ungu (bhuruu) kana Zerere.[3]

Hunhu hweChayina shoko rekuti: rinosheedzwa se qīng muChimandirini, Ao muChijapani, thanh muChisino-Vhiyetinamu

Shoko iri rine chirevo chinofukidza zvese ungu ne zerere; ungu uye zerere zvakajairwa kutaridzwa mumvuri we "青". Mune mamwe mashoko epanguva ino, ivo (lán, MuChimandarini) uye (, muChimandarini) zvichiteerana.

Chijapani chinewo mashoko maviri anonongedzera chaizvo kuruvara rwezerere, (midori, iro rinotorwa kubva Chijapani chechinyakare chinotsanangura chiito midoru "kuva mumashizha; kukura" zvichireva miti).

Pamusoro pezvo pane shoko rekuti; グリーン (guriin, rakabva pa Chingezi "green"). Nekudaro, kuJapani, kunyangwe marobhoti aine mavara akafanana needzimwe nyika, mwenje wezerere unotsanangurwa uchishandisa izwi rimwe chete seiri aoi zvichireva ungu, nekuti zerere inoonekwa semumvuri we-aoi; Saizvozvowo, zvakasvibirira zvakasiyana zvezvimwe michero nemiriwo senge maapuro ezerere, Shiso zerere (zvinopesana nemaapuro matsvuku uye Shiso tsvuku) zvinotsanangurwa neshoko rekuti aoi.

Asi muChijapani chemazuvano vane mashoko anosiyanisa ungu ne zerere, kunyangwe kana pane Kanji inonyorwa ichisanganisa mashoko acho dzimwe nguva.

  • aoi (ungu)
  • midori (zerere)

Chivhiyetinamu chinoshandisa shoko rimwechete kune ese mavara zerere ne ungu, "xanh", nemhando dzakasiyana seng "xanh da trời" vachireva yazuru (azure), zvichireva "ungu ye denga", lam (ungu), uye lục (zerere; zvakare xanh lá cây, zvichireva kuti; "shizha zerere").

Zvinhu zve Zerere[chinja | edit source]

Zvichero[chinja | edit source]

Mavheji[chinja | edit source]

Maruva[chinja | edit source]

Mhuka[chinja | edit source]

ChiBantu[chinja | edit source]

  • MuChitsonga vanoti Ruhlaza vachireva Zerere.
  • MuChiswahili vanoti Kinjani vachireva iyo Zerere
  • Chixhosa neChizulu Zerere ndi Luhlala
  • MuChivhenda mudala zvinoreva kuti Zerere.[4]

Mabviro eruzivo[chinja | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Heller 2009, pp. 87–104.
  2. Heller 2009, pp. 96-97.
  3. Paul Kay and Luisa Maffi, "Color Appearance and the Emergence and Evolution of Basic Color Lexicons", American Anthropologist, March 1999 [1]
  4. smlwardafterall, 'Mavara eChivhenda' Intro to Tshivenda. Yakatariswa: 19 Chikumi 2021