Mitauro ye Naija-Kongo

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Mepu ye chiNaija-Kongo

Naija-Kongo imhuri ye mutauro hwe usumamunyati inotaurwa muruzhinji (asi kwete wose) wehuwandu hwe muZasi-Sahara ye Afurika. Inobatanidza mitauro ye Mande (mhuri ine udhaivhesi hwakafanana ne mitauro ye Indo-Yuropu), mitauro ye Atirandiki-Kongo (dzino gova munyire we sistimu ye musangu-we-nauni), uye mimwe mitauro inotadzwa kupangurwa. Mhuri ye Naija-Kongo inogon kuva mhuri kurukuru pasirose, ye chitatu pakuwanda kwevatauri, uye ndiyo mhuri hombe muAfurika pakutaura nezve nzvimbo paTarachisi. Uyezve, ndiyo mhuri huru pakuva ne mitauro iri distingiti, ichiteerwa neOstironezhiya. Mitauro ye Naija-Kongo ne eretsinorogu i1,540.

Pakava ne humbowo kuratidza kuti iri vharidhi (valid), inogona kuva mhuri yemitauro yechitatu pasirose pahuwandu hwevanhu vanoutaura serurimi rwamai, vatauri vanosvika 700 miriyoni kubva muna 2015. Mitauro dze Naija-Kongo dzinotaurwa nehuwandu hwevanhu vakawanda hwunosanganisa Chiyorubha, Chigbho, Chifurufurudhe (Chifurani), Chishona, Chisutu uye Chizuru. Chiswahiri ndicho chinotaurwa zvakanyanya pakati pe mitauro ye Naija-Kongo uye muAfurika yese, unoshandiswa semutauro wenyika zhinji kuMabvazuva uye Chemhembechemabvazuva eAfurika.

Mumhuri ye chiNaija-Kongo pane dzimwe mhuri dzemitauro senge chiAtirandiki Kongo,ChiDhogoni (Dogon), chiMande, chiIjo uye chiRashadhi (Rashad) (pamusoro pezvo mitauro ye chiBantu chikamu cheboka re Naija-Kongo futi).

Mabazi makuru[chinja | edit source]

Atirandiki-Kongo[chinja | edit source]

Atiranda

Boka rechiAtirandiki chiri porifureti (polyphyletic) rinoverengerwa 35 miriyoni vatauri kubva muna 2016, mostly accounted for by Fula and Wolof speakers. Atlantic is not considered to constitute a valid group.

Vhoruta-Kongo

Tarisai futi peji re Mitauro ye Vhoruta-Kongo

  • Vhoruta ye Maodzanyemba
    • chiKru: mitauro ye Kru ndeye vanhu vekuMadokero eAfurika; inosanganisa Chibhete (Bété), Chinyabwa, uye Chidhidha (Dida).
    • Adhamawa-Ubhangi:
      • chiAdamawa: ine mitauro ne mitauronyina unosvika padhuze ne 100, dzakagohwa pa plateu ye Adamawa, inotaurwa ne vanhu vanoestimetwa kusvika kuhuwandu hwe 1.6 miriyoni kubva muna 1996; mutauro mukuru i chiMumuye, unotora kota yehuwandu hwevatauri we chiAdamawa.
      • chiUbhangiya: iboka diki remitauro inotaurwa muRudhende rweAfurika ye Pakati. Inogona kumira yega kana guiswa ne Adhamawa kuita "Adhamawa-Ubhangi".