Ingi

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bhodhoro reingi tema
ingi ye karamu ye jyere

Ingi (Chingezi: ink) kana viro; wiro mutuvi, jyere kana godo ine husviba uye maingi, ayo anoshandiswa kunyora mavara nekupenda pamusoro. Kune mhando dze ingi dzakasiyana senge dzinogadzirwa nemafuta uye dzinogadzirwa nemvura. Ingi inoshandiswa kunyoresa inowanzonzi ingi ye Chidhachi.

Ingi inogadzirwa mafuta inooma kana ikangochengetwa isingashandiswa nguva yakareba, uye ingi yemvura haishate kunyangwe ikachengetwa isingashandiswe asi inogona kuvhinza kana ikanyorova. Mumakore achangopfuura, "ingi yemvura" inoshandiswa zvakanyanya mumakaramu ebhiro uye mukupurinda. Inogona kugara yakachengetwa nguva yakareba, haivhinze kunyangwe painonyorova, uye inogona kubviswa nemunhu paanogeza maoko.

Mhando[chinja | edit source]

Ingi dzekare dzainyanya kuva zvicherwa , mhodzi , manhanga senge nyemba, uye mukando echisikigo kubva kuzvinhu zvegungwa senge skwidhi. Ingi ndeye ruvara tema uye yakatanga kuEzhiya. Ingi ye chisa nduru (Iron gall ink) yaishandiswa zvakanyanya muzvitaro zvekare.

Ingi ye husviba[chinja | edit source]

Ingi ye husviba (pigment)[1] i ingi ye husviba inopararira mune nyungudutsi, uye kupurinda kunoitwa nekutevera ihwo husviba kune yekupurinda pamusoro. Ingi ye husviba yakanakira kuti ine mukweso wemvura uye inowanzo shandiswa kunze kwe kunyoresa. Jyere-yakaita se ingi inonyanya kukosha murudzindi uye kukwesana nemvura.

Ingi ye Mukando[chinja | edit source]

Ingi ye mukando (dye) i ingi umo mukundo inonyungudutswa mune nyungudutsi, uye inogona kuburitsa mamwe mavara kupfuura husviba ingi. Kupurinda kunoitwa nekupinda mukati me chakapurindwa, asi kusagadzikana kwemvura uye kupokana kwechiedza kwakaderera kune kweiyo ingi ye husviba.

Ingi ye Kupurinda[chinja | edit source]

Ingi ye kupurinda inoumbwa ne husviba, vamiriri, uye zvinowedzera, uye kune maingi anoita senge jyere ane vhisikositi yakakwira (high viscocity) uye ingi ye mvura ine vhisikositi yakadzika inoenderana nemetiriyau yakapurindwa uye mhando ye ndiro. Pamwe chete nekugadzira kwaGutenberg yekupurinda chidhindo chebhii (letterpress) muzana ramakore gumi neshanu, ingi dze vhisikositi dzakakwira dzaigadzirwa dzichi tevera hwendefa dzakasiyana neingi yemvura yekunyoresa. Kunyangwe izvozvi, ingi yakaita senge jyere ye vhisikositi yakakwira inowanzo shandiswa se ingi inoshandiswa mukushambadzira kupurinda nechinangwa chekupurinda kwakawanda. Mumakore achangopfuura, ingi ye soya yakatanga kushandiswa zvakanyanya seingi inochengetedza dondo, uye inoshandiswa mu 64% ye ingi ye mabepanhau neingi ye ritogirafi.

Zvimwe zvekutarisa[chinja | edit source]

Mabviro eruzivo[chinja | edit source]

  1. Vashona, 30 Chikunguru 2015 'pigment' Yakatariswa: 7 Nyamavhuvhu 2021