Muranda

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Muranda (English: Slave) munhu anoonekwa nekubatwa senhumbi kana chimwe chinhu chinotengwa; uye munhu anomanikidzwa kushanda pasina muripo waanopiwa. Munhu ari muhuranda: anomanikidzwa kugara panzvimbo paasiri kuda; anomanikidzwa kubata mabasa asingade; anoshanda asina muripo; anomanikidzwa kuroora kana kuroorwa; anokwanisa kumanikidzwa kushanda mumawuto achiri mudiki.

Kugara nevaranda uye kutenga nokutengesa varanda itsika yaiitwa nemarudzi mazhinji pasi rose. Huranda hwaiveko munhoroondo yevagari veAfrica; Asia; Europe kana America. Vanhu vaitora varanda verudzi rwavo vane ganda rakafanana neravo kana kuti vaitenga varanda vanobva kune mamwe marudzi. Munhu aigona kuita muranda: mushure mokukundika kubhadara chikwereti; mushure mekutapwa muhondo; atengeswa neverudzi rwake; adzingwa mumusha nezvikonzero zvakasiyana.

Huranda hune nhoorondo huru inozivikanwa kunyanya ndiwo Huranda hwekuyambutswa Atlantic hwakatapa vanhu vatema vazhinji kubva kuAfrica vachiendeswa kuAmerica neEurope. Uhwu huranda kunodanwa muEnglish kunzi "Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade" nokuti vatapwa vaiyambutswa gungwa reAtlantic vachiendeswa kumhiri kwaro kuAmerica neEurope.

Huranda uhwu hwekuyambutswa kwevatema ndicho chikonzero kuine vanhu vatema vazhinji kunyika dzekuEurope, North America neSouth America. Huranda uhwu hwakapera mushure mekutarwa kwemitemo munyika idzoddzi inova mitemo yairambidza kutengeswa kwevaranda uye kuva nevaranda.

Pari nhasi vamwe vanoti huranda huchiriko muchivande pasirose. Kune huranda hwekushandiswa: muminda; mumawuto; muchipfambi mudzimba nedzimwe nzira dzakasiyana.