Ururimi

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Ururimi (kana "ufundo we mitauro" uye "fundamutauro"; Nge: linguistics) chidzidzo chesainzi chemutauro.[1] Inosanganisira kuongororwa kwese kwese kwemutauro, pamwe chete nenzira dzekudzidza nekudzitevedzera.

Nzvimbo dzechinyakare dzekuongorora mitauro dzinosanganisira fonitiki (unzwi), ruambainzwi, ruambawumbwa (moforojia), sindiki (syntax), simandiki (semantics), uye pwagimatiki (pragmatics).[2] Imwe neimwe yenzvimbo idzi inoenderana nezviitiko zvinowanikwa mumitauro yevanhu: manzwi (uye jesicha (gesture), kana iri mitauro yemasaini), mashoma mayuniti (fenomu, mazwi, mamorufeme (morphemes)), mitsara nemitsara, uye zvinoreva uye kushandiswa.

Mabazi e ururimi[chinja | edit source]

  • unzwi/fonitiki ndezve ruzha runoitwa nevanhu
  • ruambainzwi (kana fonorojia) ndezve sistimu reruzha rwemutauro mumwe ne mumwe pachawo
  • ruambawumbwa (kana moforojia) ndezve sistimu re izwi
  • sindiki (syntax) ndezve maumbirwo emutsara
  • simandiki (semantics) ndezve kureva (kwe chinhu)
  • unenanzanga ndezve hukama huri pakati pemutauro ne nzanga.

Mabviro eruzivo[chinja | edit source]

  1. Halliday, Michael A.K.; Jonathan Webster (2006). On Language and Linguistics. Continuum International Publishing Group. p. vii. ISBN 978-0-8264-8824-4.
  2. Adrian Akmajian, Richard A. Demers, Ann K. Farmer, Robert M. Harnish (2010). Linguistics (6th ed.). The MIT Press. ISBN 978-0-262-51370-8. Retrieved 25 July 2012.