Esperanto

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Esperanto ndiyo yainyanya kutaurwa kuvakwa dzakawanda upiyona mutauro . Yakagadzirwa nePolish ophthalmologist LL Zamenhof muna 1887. Zamenhof akatanga kutsanangura mutauro muThe International Language, uyo waakaburitsa nemitauro mishanu pasi pezita rekunyepedzera "Doktoro Esperanto". (Iri bhuku rinowanzo kupihwa zita rekuti Esperanto seLa Unua Libro kureva Bhuku rekutanga . Izwi rekuti esperanto rinoturikira ku chiEnglish richiti "one who hopes".

Chinangwa chaZamenhof kwaive kugadzira mutauro uri nyore uye unopfava uyo unoshanda semutauro wechipiri wepasi rose kukurudzira rugare rwepasi rose nekunzwisisa kwepasi rose, uye kuvaka "nharaunda yevatauri", sezvo aifunga kuti munhu haangave nemutauro pasina nharaunda yakadaro. . 


Zita rake rekutanga remutauro uyu raingove "mutauro wepasi rese" ( la lingvo internacia ), asi vatauri vekutanga vakada zita rekuti Esperanto ndokutanga kurishandisa sezita remutauro makore maviri chete mushure mekugadzirwa. Iri zita rakakurumidza kuwana mukurumbira uye rave kushandiswa sezita repamutemo kubva ipapo.

Universal Esperanto Association (UEA)[chinja | edit source]

Mashoko eve Universal Esperanto Association (UEA) pamapembero epasi rese ezuva rezvinyorwa:

   Sangano repasi rese rakamirira vanhu vanotaura mutauro we Esperanto, re Universal Esperanto Association, UEA, rinozvibatanidza kumapembero epasi rese okucherechedza zuva rezvinyorwa (International Book Day), iro rinova musi wa 23 April. Mapemberero aya, anotungamirirwa nesangano repasi rese rinoona nezve fundo, ruzivo netsika, re UNESCO, anoitwa akanangana nekukurudzira kuverengwa, kunyorwa nekuburitswa kwezvinyorwa, uye kuchengetedzwa kwekodzero dzevanyori.

   Isu ve Universal Esperanto Association tinotambira zvizere mashoko omutungamiri mukuru weUNESCO, va Koichiro Matsuura, avakataura pamapembero ezuva rezvinyorwa egore rakapera, apo vakati, "Zvinyorwa ndiyo nzira yakakosha yokuwana nayo ruzivo rwezve uchenjeri, hunhu, runako, nepfungwa dzevanhu. Semidziyo inotakura mashoko ne dzidziso, zvinyorwa inzira yekuti marudzi ese evanhu akwanise kuburitsa pachena tsika nemafungire awo, uye kuona zvinocherechedzesa mamwewo marudzi. Semafasitera anotendera kuona musiyano wetsika dzemarudzi evanhu akasiyana, uye semabhiriji pakati pemarudzi akasiyana, munguva nemunzvimbo, zvinyorwa zvinova zvitubu zvehurukuro, midziyo yekupanana nayo mazano, uye zvitubu zvebudiriro."

   Kwemakore anokwana zana, mubatanidzwa wepasi rese wevanhu vanotaura Esperanto wakakwanisa kurarama zvichiburikidza nezvinyorwa zvawo, kutangisisa nechibhuku chidiki chaidzidzisa mutauro uyu chakabuda mugore ra 1887, kusvika kumakumi ezvuru emabhuku ava kubuda mazuva ano akanyorwa nemutauro uyu, achitaura nezvakasiyanasiyana, uye achiburitswa munyika dzese dzepasi. Kuvatauri veEsperanto, avo vanogara munzvimbo dzakasiyanasiyana uye vakaparadzana, zvinyorwa zvakava nebasa rokuvabatanidza. Nhasi uno zvinofadza zvikuru kuona kuti vatauri veEsperanto vava kushandisawo tsika dzamazuva ano dzokudhinda nekubudisa mabhuku.


(Translated from Esperanto by Oliver Mazodze, an active Esperantis from Harare, on the 23.04.2020, International Book Day.)